Fakultät für Philosophie, Wissenschaftstheorie
Lehrstuhl für Wissenschaftstheorie
Raum 125 (registration at the administration office)
Momme von Sydow studied both Philosophy and Psychology at the Universities of Bonn and Durham (UK) and obtained Doctorates in both disciplines. He completed his PhD in Philosophy at the University of Durham on a topic relevant to Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Nature, and Epistemology. He obtained his second Doctorate in Cognitive Psychology at the University of Göttingen on issues of hypothesis testing, induction, and checking deontic rules. He raised several third-party funds and in the projects he addressed facets of hypothesis testing, Bayesian logic, logical predication, second-order probabilities, and causality. He continued his work at the University of Heidelberg, at the lab of Leibniz Prize winner and social psychologist Klaus Fiedler. Momme von Sydow has lectured at the University of Durham, University of Göttingen, TU Berlin and University of Heidelberg. In 2015 he began co-ordinating an interdisciplinary mathematical-psychological project on optimal experimental design, funded by the German Excellence Initiative (IWF; Dept. of Psychology, Heidelberg). In October 2015 he was Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the MCMP and visited the MCMP repeatedly. In 2016, he began working as senior fellow at the MCMP in a project with Ulrike Hahn and Stephan Hartmann.
Momme von Sydow is interested in normative and empirical questions of human individual and collective (ir-)rationality. Aspects of his philosophical-psychological work may be interpreted as being related to his critical assessment of Dawkins’s and Popper’s Darwinian metaphysics. His research addresses the following topics:
- Knowledge-based Bayesian models of induction
- Bayesian logic – Bayesian models of logical predication
- Active learning and optimal information choice
- The role of coherence in causal learning and reasoning
- Conditionals, Wason selection task and ravens paradox
- Human probability judgement and logical inclusion fallacies
- The role of tautologies in Philosophy of Science
- Inner-individual dilemmata, temporal discounting and self-regulation
- The role of justice in ultimatum and dictator games, deontic logic
- Altruist detection in employee selection
- WiSe 2017-2018 Philosophie der Rationalität und Irrationalität
- SoSe 2018 Philosophie der Psychologie und Biologie
He organized workshops, for instance Scientific Computing in the Behavioral Sciences and has served as referee for several Journals, including Cognitive Processing; Experimental Psychology; Journal of Experimental Psychology: Memory, Learning and Cognition; Journal of Mathematical Psychology; Memory & Cognition; Philosophical Writings; and Psychological Review, Psychologie des Alltagshandelns, Synthese (more).
Selected Recent Publications
- von Sydow, M., Braus, N., & Hahn, U. (2018, in press). On the Ignorance of Group-Level Effects – The Tragedy of Personnel Selection. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.
- Hahn, U., Merdes, Ch., & von Sydow, M. (2018, accepted). How Good is Your Evidence and How Would You Know? Topics in Cognitive Science.
- Hahn, U., von Sydow, M. & Merdes, C. (2018, in press). How Communication Can Make Voters Choose Less Well. Proceedings of the Fortieth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (6 pages). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. [Computational Modeling Prize in Applied Cognition of the CogSci2018]
- von Sydow, M. (2017). Rational Explanations of the Conjunction Fallacies – A Polycausal Proposal. Proceedings of the Thirty-Ninth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 3472-3477). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
- Hebbelmann, D. & von Sydow, M. (2017). Betting on Transitivity in an Economic Setting. Cognitive Processing, 18, 505-518. doi: 10.1007/s10339-017-0821-x.
- von Sydow, M., Hagmayer, Y., & Meder, B. (2016). Transitive Reasoning Distorts Induction in Causal Chains. Memory & Cognition Memory & Cognition, 44(3), 469-487. doi:10.3758/s13421-015-0568-5.
- von Sydow, M. (2016). Towards a Pattern-Based Logic of Probability Judgements and Logical Inclusion “Fallacies”. Thinking & Reasoning, 22(3), 297-335. doi:10.1080/13546783.2016.1140678.